The Backyard Gardeners
Gardening for Fun!

Archived Info

This is a library of archived copies of  the "Backyard Views", a quarterly newsletter produced by The Backyard Gardeners and handouts and information from our "Garden Talk" speakers.  

You may sign up to receive notices of our programming and the current newsletter via email at

Archived TBG newsletters:
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Fall 2013
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Summer 2013
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Spring 2013
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Winter 2013
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Fall 2012
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Summer 2012
    Additional info for Summer 2012, What's in Season in North Carolina
    Additional info for Summer 2012, Guide to Small Farms
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Spring 2012
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Winter 2012
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Fall 2011
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Summer 2011
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Spring 2011
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Winter 2011
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Fall 2010
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Summer 2010
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Spring 2010
Click here to view a copy of Backyard Views, Winter 2010


The Backyard Gardeners present a "Garden Talk" once a month. Frequently, speakers provide handouts for the programs. Below are the handouts from the current "Garden Talks".

Garden Talks 2010

January 19
"There Are Worms in My Kitchen" presented by Bill Jowers, Chowan County, NC Master Gardener Volunteer. Bill's talk was on vermiculture and vermicomposting basics.  Handouts include info on making a worm bin, setting up the worm bin, prepared worm starter kits sold by the speaker, and resources for more information on vermiculture and vermicomposting.

Directions for making a worm bin

Basics of setting up a worm bin

Worm bin starter kits

Vermiculture resources

February 16
"To Prune or Not to Prune..."
Mik Lestyan, Chesapeake City Arborist discussed "Pruning Young Trees" and demonstrates the correct methods and tools. A comprehensive manual of pruning information gathered from Virginia Tech is found below. A list of certified arborists in Hampton Roads and information from two other sources quoted in the program are also listed.

Pruning Manual

Cerified Arborist List 2010

Dr. Edward Gillman, Univeristy of Florida pruning information

Dr. Eric Wiseman powerpoint on pruning

March 16
"Spice Up your Life"
Elizabeth Meska, Lifestypes by Elizabeth, presented a program on herbs for selecting, growing and using herbs in Tidewater. Elizabeth is a Nofolk Master Gardener, noted herb specialist, and board member of the Fred Heutte Center in Norfolk. She is a personal chef and has a newsletter with information on herbs and their uses. Handouts were available to each attendee with information on herbs and how to make a bouquet garni. Sign up for Elizabeth's monthly email newsletter at

List and description of common herbs and spices

Making and using a bouquet garni

April 20
"Theme Gardening"
Ginny Moritz, local garden maven, discussed how to determine a theme for a garden, how to select plants and use garden art and accessories to enhance the garden and demonstrate your theme. She showed photos of a variety of theme gardens and how to use your interests and hobbies to accent your gardens. Ginny showed a variety of different garden art and explained how to make them.

For more information on theme gardens check:
The Children's Garden at Michigan State University

Theme gardens guide

TLC's theme garden info

May 18
"Meet the Natives"
Vickie Shufer, naturalist and publisher, discussed the best native plants for our area and how to use them in your gardens. She explained which plants are the best to attract wildlife to your yard and showed pictures of each plant. Vickie is an expert in wild food foraging and teaches a variety of nature programs in the area. She also had a selection of native plants for sale. To find out about her programming and the plants she has available check her website at or contact her at

June 15
"Lavender-Growing, Drying, Using"
Doris Flattum, Harbinger Lavender Farm, Harbinger, NC, discussed the best plants for our humid conditions, the cultural conditions needed for growing lavender successfully, and how to use the harvest. Attached are the handouts for cultural information, recipes for Lavender Lemon Cookies and Lavender Brownies. For more information from the Harbinger Lavender Farm, contact Doris at

Growing Lavender

Herb Cookies recipe

Lavender Brownies recipe

July 20
"Beekeeping for Homeowners"
Frank Walker, Tidewater Beekeepers Society, discussed why bees are important in our gardens, how to attract them and how to establish and maintain bee hives. More information including meeting dates, swarm collection information, beekeeper training programs and resoiurces for local beekeepers can be found at the Tidewater Beekeepers' website at

Mr. Walker can be contacted at if you have any questions.

August 17
"Organics in the Garden"
Liz Witkowski, Rich Earth
Terri Voss
Liz presented a program on the value of Rich Earth soil amendments and explained how the quality of the soil directly impacts the quality of your flowers, trees, shrubs, vegetables and lawn. Detailed information was given on the benefits of adding organic material to your soil. For more information on specific products, check her website at
Terri offered information regarding the practical usage of organic products and answered questions. Her experience with gardening and working with the Hermitage Museum proved invaluable.

September 21
"Bulbs with a Southern Accent"
The Backyard Gardeners
TBG presents a program about the culture and care of spring blooming bulbs. How to select, plant, and maintain bulbs with the top 12 bulbs that perform best in Southern climates will be highlighted. Examples of each of the types of bulbs and ways to use them in your landscape are shown. Informational handouts on care and maintenance of bulbs are listed below:

Preapared by TBG
    Bulb Information Sheet

Guide prepared by TBG-be sure to scroll down the page to get to the info
    Growing Spring Bulbs

Prepared by TBG
    Bulb Catalogs and Online Information List

Flowering Bulbs info from Virginia Tech Extension

Brent and Becky's Bulbs Guide to Planting Spring Bulbs

October 19
"Houseplants 101"
Audrey Knall, member of The Backyard Gardeners and the Tidewater Orchid Society, presented a program on choosing and caring for houseplants. She presented the cultural information needed to grow and maintain beautiful, healthy indoor plants. Audrey provided lists of plants for all conditions and discussed pests and diseases common in houseplants and how to treat them. The handout lists air filtering plants, easy houseplants, low light houseplants, top flowering houseplants and poisonous houseplants. Cultural and descriptions are given for each.

For comprehensive information on houseplants including profiles on different houseplants, care, types of plants and tips, please check Guide to Houseplants. This website is well organized and contains a wealth of valuable information.

December 14
"Decorating Naturally"
The Backyard Gardeners presented their annual decorating naturally and demonstrated using tomato cages to make outdoor trees for decoration or to feed the birds. Natural materials from the gardens was used. A reception followed with goodies prepared by the members and some attendees. Thanks so much to all who attended and those who shared food items and recipes. The recipes for some of the items and a wonderful recipe for suet cakes from Walt and Aurie Baldwin that are a favorite of their birds are attached.

Happy holidays to all and thanks so much for supporting us in our events in 2010. We look forward to bigger and better programming in 2011!!!!

Recipes for goodies from 2010 "Garden Talk" December reception

Recipe for suet cakes for feeding birds

Garden Talks 2011

January 18
"Vegetable Gardening 101"
presented by Gill Gillespie from the Norfolk Master Gardeners. Gill is an avid gardener and teaches classes on soil preparation and vegetable gardening for all the local master gardener groups. He is also the project coordinator for the Virginia Barnyard Garden at the Virginia Zoological Park. He provided information on Fertilizing the Vegetable Garden from Virginia Extension Service, a list of planting times for vegetables in our area and a companion plant list. Click on each item to access the information.

Fertilizing the Vegetable Garden

Vegetable Planting Times for Tidewater Virginia

Companion Plantings

February 15
"Day Tripping: Local Gardens" presented by The Backyard Gardeners offered a virtual tour of 18 gardens within a 3 hour radius of Hampton Roads Virginia. The goal is to spotlight gardens that are easily reasched and toured that can offer inspiration and entertainment. Many are ones that may not be as well known. Ten (10) gardens in Virginia and four (4) each in Washington, DC and Eastern North Carolina were highlighted. The informational sheet gives the links for each site.

Day Tripping Garden Guide 2011

March 15
Doug Spencer, Nursery Specialist at Lowe's (Chesapeake) presented a program on Effective Lanscaping with Trees and Shrubs". He explained the various characteristics to consider when selecting trees and shrubs for your landscape like shape, size, bloom color and bloom time and growth rate. His powerpoint showed a variety of trees and shrubs best suited for our area and discussed the cultural requirements of each. He presented 2 handouts with info on a select group of trees. For more information, he says he is available at Lowe's garden center to answer questions Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday. Bellow are the handouts:

Evergreen Trees by Size and Flowering Trees by Season

Evergreen Shrubs by Type and Flowering Shrubs by Season

April 19
“Propagation: Cuttings and Seeds” presented by Vickie Pepper, Plant Propagator at the Norfolk Botanical Gardens showed how to make the most of the plants you have by collecting and planting seeds and taking cuttings from your existing plants. Vickie shared the best kept secrets of propagation and guided us through the processes that will ensure success. Each person left with a set of plants they propagated using the methods Vickie discussed. Vickie has a degree in Horticulutre from Tidewater Community College and is a Master Gardener. For more information on the gardens and horticulture at the Norfolk Botanical Garden check out their website,

May 17
Ronnie Baum, life member of the Virginia Bonsai Society and owner of Tiny Tree Bonsai in Virginia Beach, presented "Bonsai for You", an introduction to the art of bonsai. He explained the techniques of bonsai, discussed how to achieve a bonsai and showed examples of completed bonsai. Ronnie provided historical background into the art, talked about the different styles and clarified the techniques used to create bonsai. He has presented numerous training sessions and classes across the country and enjoys spreading the word on the proper techniques of bonsai. For more information on bonsai, check the Virginia Bonsai Society at

June 21
Rich and Rickki Sterrett, owners of Sterrett Gardens on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, presented " The Many Faces of Daylilies”. highlighting the most popular perennial in American gardens. The discussed the classes of daylilies, how to choose, grow and maintain these versatile perennial plants and gave tips on how to effectively incorporate them into your gardens. They showed examples of some of their many different cultivars and offered demonstrations on dividing and planting your daylilies. The Sterretts are very experienced and well-known in their field and their gardens are an official American Hemerocallis Display Garden. The gardens are open during June and July for tours and information can be found at

July 19
"What Bugs You in the Garden?", presented by Margie Cooper from Smithfield Gardens, outlined some of the most common pests and diseases that annoy the gardeners in Tidewater Virginina and NE North Carolina. Using a powerpoint program, Margie showed the pest or disease, the damage caused and most commonly used methods of control. She also stressed that starting with good soil and using good gardening practices helps solve a number of issues with both pests and diseases. Smithfield Gardens has a free newsletter and a wealth of educational programs and free literature available on a variety of gardening topics. For more information, check Smithfield Gardens.

August 16
Members of The Backyard Gardeners presented, "You and Your Lawn", a practical guide to the easy methods of fall lawn care. The types of lawn, cool season and warm season were explained. Since fall is the appropriate season for installing or maintaining cool season grasses, the porgram concentrated on the common tasks necessary to maintain that type of lawn in our area. Warm season grass care for the fall was also discussed and a brief explanation of treatment of warm season grasses in the spring was given. Information was provided on the steps to maintain or create a new cool season lawn in the fall, how to deal with weeds and what weeds should be treated in the fall. The importance of soil test kits was stressed and kits were made available. Calendars outlining the maintenance tasks for both cool and warm season grasses were available. For grass maintenance calendars and more information on seasonal lawn care, check the Virginia Tech Extension Service website.

September 16
Janet Dillender, a canning specialist, presented "Preserving the Bounty", a very informative program on preserving the produce from your home gardens. She discussed the methods of water bath canning, dehyration and pickling. She discussed the basics of each method, explained the equipment needed and showed examples of each type of preservation. Janet provided a wealth of information and had numerous handouts. The samples were great also! Janet has a vast educatonal background as a Home Economist and Consumer Educator and teaches classes on a variety of canning techinques throughout the area. Listed are materials she provided to the group from Virginia Tech Extension and the University of Missouri Extension.

Before You Start to Can, Learn the Basics
Boiling Water Bath Canning
In a Pickle-basics of pickling
Drying Foods
Using Dehydration to Preserve Fruits, Vegetables and Meats 

More information on all preserving techniques can be found at both Extension Service websites:
Virginia Tech
University of Missouri Extension

October 18
"What Not to Do in the Garden in Fall", presented by The Backyard Gardeners offered a unique view of the things you should and shouldn't do in the garden in fall. Everything from the types of plants to purchase and install, proper pruning, mulching basics, treatment of houseplants, proper planting of trees and shrubs, fall lawn care, treatment of vegetable gardens, fall and winter bird feeding techniques and much much more were presented to help insure success in your gardens both now and in upcoming seasons. The group stressed fall maintenance as a way to make the spring gardening season easier and more successful. Information from a variety of sources was included. Maintenance calendars for warm season grasses and cool season grasses  created by Virginia Tech Extension were shown as well as a variety of literature from Wild Birds Unlimited on numerous birding topics.

Garden Talks 2012

January 17
"Living With Houseplants" presented by Vickie Pepper, propagationist at the Norfolk Botanical Garden, discussed the ins-and-outs of houseplant care. She showed examples of different houseplants, gave the cultural information for each and talked about the best houseplants for each type of environment. She discussed the care and feeding of houseplants and showed a variety of ways to display your houseplants. Vickie is an expert propagator, so she discussed and demonstrated the ways to increase your number of plants by dividing and taking cuttings. She speaks to a variety of groups and offers training classes at the Norfolk Botanical Garden.

February 14
Jason Heizer, Barlett Tree Experts presented "To Prune or Not to Prune..." outlining the correct tools, techniques and timing for all pruning situations for homeowners. He talked about the types of pruning and how to prune to promote growth, prevent or correct damage and improve the tree or shrubs's health. He highlighted safety issues and showed the proper tools for each pruning situation. Jason answered questions and gave tips on how to pick a professional tree service and the questions to ask to make sure the company is qualified. 

March 20
"Worm Composting for Everyone" presented by Kandy Keith, Chesapeake Master Gardeners, was a practical look at the way anyone and everyone can compost with worms in their own homes. She discussed the reasons for vermicomposting (composting with worms) and gave the specific benefits of vermicompost. Kandy has composted in this manner for 4 years and offered a quick and easy means to start and maintain your own "worms". She showed a step-by-step method of making a worm composting bin and provided the written directions. Kandy shared some of her worms with anyone who wanted them and folks left ready to start their own vermicomposting. Directions for making your own bin are listed below.

How to Make a Worm Bin

April 17
Pam Fisher and Charles Lastinger, Chesapeake Master Gardeners, presented a program on Water Conservation and demonstrated how to make a rain barrel. Pam discussed watershed areas, sources for water, reasons for pollution, steps homeowners can take to lessen the impact of pollution to our waterways and steps we can take to conserve water. Charles demonstrated making a rain barrel from a 55 gallon food quality plastic drum and talked about the installation and maintenance of the barrel. Both Pam and Charles  discussed the upcoming rainbarrel workshops presented by the Chesapeake Extension Service, Public Works Dept. and the Chesapeake Master Gardeners. Handouts presented and registration for the workshops are listed below.

What Is a Watershed? Virginia Tech publication 426-041

10 Things To Do To Save the Bay

Harvesting Rainwater

Getting Started With Rain Barrels

Rain Barrel Accessory Kit

Rain Barrel Workshop Registration

May 19
Carol WatkinsTidewater Beekeepers Association, spoke about honey bees and their importance to gardeners. She shared her experiences keeping bees and growing kiwis on her farm in Knotts Island, NC. Two friends accompanied her who are involved in the beekeeping community also. She provided a wealth of information. Below are handouts she had available.

List of Bee Friendly Plants

Honey Bees: Essential Insect Pollinators and The Case of the Disappearing Honeybees

Pollinators and Pesticide Stewardship-Protecting Pollinators on Farms and Urban Landscapes

The Story of Pollination

Fun Facts About Honey Bees

Honey Simplified

Sweet Tips About Honey

For recipes from the National Honey Board using honeyclick here.

For downloads from the National Honey Board including recipe books for a variety of food and health products and educational materials, click here.

June 19
"You and Farmer's Markets" presented by Rachel Burns, Executive Director of Buy Fresh Buy Local Hampton Roads. She talked about the reasons for buying local and how it helps the economy, the environment and is healthier for you the consumer. Rachel gave an interesting presentation on the impact of farmer's markets and gave a variety of tips to get the most out of your shopping experience at the farmer's market. For more information or to contact Buy Fresh Buy Local Hampton Roads, check Buy Fresh Buy Local Hampton Roads or email them at

For a copy of her powerpoint presentation click here.

July 17
In "Herbal Delacies", Elizabeth Meska, Lifestyles by Elizabeth, discussed a variety of ways to preserve your bounty of herbs for future use. The methods of drying, freezing, packing in oil and making herbal vinegars were discussed and demonstrated. Each attendee made a custom designed jar of herbal vinegar to take home using herbs that Elizabeth and others had brought to share. She offered handouts that included preservation tips and recipes for using the items you preserve. To receive Elizabeth's monthly newsletter, send an email request

Preserving Your Herbs

Herb Apple Jelly recipe

August 21
Gill Gillespie, Norfolk Master Gardener and volunteer at the Virginia Zoo, talked about starting a vegetable garden for fall and winter vegetables. Our climate is condusive to growing vegetaable almost year round. The most important aspect to any gardening project is the correct soil, so Gill discussed the type of soil needed to be successful with all vegetables and how to manipulate your current soil. He gave lists of vegetables that are successful in the area and a guide to when to plant vegetables in this area. He also provided a list of companion plants for vegetables. Check out Gill's gardening techinques in practice in the African Village Garden at the Virginia Zoo in Norfolk.

Vegetable Planting Lists for Tidewater

Guide to Planting Vegetables in Tidewater

Companion Plantings for Vegetables

Bulb Sale
The Pasquotank Master Gardeners are having a bulb sale to raise money to support the (2) $1000 scholarships they award annually to high school students entering college to study  horticulture. They will collect order forms and payment on Sept. 11 at the next "Garden Talk" at the Chesapeake Central Library and will deliver the bulbs on Nov. 20 at the "Garden Talk". This is a good source of great bulbs and it supports a great cause.

North Carolina Master Gardener bulb order form and description of bulbs

September 11
Heather Driscoll, My Sister's Garden, presented a program on organic lawn care that covered the baiscs of soil conditioning, lawn maintenance and care and weed prevention and treatment using organic means. She talked about the best times to perform each ervice on your lawn and gave techniques, hints and timetables to help create a worry-free organic lawn. More information on organic lawn care can be found at her website, My Sister's Garden. Heather is a certified organic lawn specialist and using native plants and organic materials to create landscapes that are environmentally friendly, easy to maintain and attractive. 

October 16
Doug Spencer, Virginia Beach Master Gardener and local gardening expert, presented a program on everything you need to know about houseplants. He covered the cultural needs of common houseplants including light, water, temperatiure and general care. He offered lists of plants that enjoy a variety of different lighting conditions, the easiest plants, favorite fragrant plants and plants that help clean your indoor air. He also talked about propagation. His handouts including "Houseplant Lighting Guide", "Top 12 Easiest Houseplants to Grow", "Top 6 Most Fragrant Houseplants", "NASA List of Plants that Filter Air in Your Home", "How to Grow Spider Plants from Cuttings" and "How to Grow Wandering Jew Plant from Cuttings" can be found here

November 20
Kelyn Holcomb, Norfolk Botanical Gardens, presented "Getting the Most Bang For Your Buck in the Garden". She discussed the 5 areas that cost the most for your garden: soil, plants, tools, mulch and water. She outlined how each is costly and gave a variety of ways to cut the costs and make gardening more cost effective. She also showed a number of plants that will be successful and reproduce nicely in our local Tidewater gardens. 

Garden Talks 2013

January 15
"Backyard Shutter Buggery" presented by Steve Radcliffe, local photographer outlined the basics of photography and the elements that make good images. He discussed light, shutter speed, film speed, and composition and how each affects the visual image. Steve provided a myriad of examples of photographs to illustrate and explain his information. The program was geared to photographers of all levels and gave information for owners of point and shoot cameras as well as SLRs and digital SLRs. He gave a variety of tips on how to take the best photographs of your beautiful gardens.

February 19
"Beneficial Insects..." presented by Karen Green, Virginia Beach Master Gardener and noted organic gardener. The program focused on the most beneficial insects for gardeners of all types, how they benefit your gardens and the plants that attract them. Karen was very knowledgeable and had great recources.

Handouts given: Beneficial Insects and the Plants That Attract Them

March 19
Tanner Council from the Chesapeake Bay Foundation presented "The Chesapeake Bay and Gardeners" showing the relationship home gardeners have on the health of the Bay and how a few simple changes can make a big difference in saving native plants and wildlife. He also discussed the oyster and water grass restoration projects. For more information on programs, speakers and educational opportunities in Virginia, check their website.

April 16
Doug Spencer, VB Master Gardener, talked about warm season grasses and presented a program comparing and contrasting varying types of warm and cool season grasses, their benefits, their problems, their uses and how to maintain each type. He answered questions and discussed the most common problems with all types of grasses. Handouts from the program are below.

Cool and Warm Season Comparision Chart

Homeowners Are Changing to Warm Season Grass-article

May 21
Kelyn Holcomb, Annuals and Container Gardener at Norfolk Botanical Garden, presented a program on how to chose plants for a container garden, types of container gardens, how to plant them and how to maintain them. She showed a myriad of photos of different containers and did a demonstration on the best technique to plant a container garden. Visit the Norfolk Botanical Garden to see examples of Kelyn's container designs and the combinations used for specific situations. 

June 18
"How to Bee a Successful Gardener" presented by Frank Walker, Tidewater Beekeepers Association, gave the reasons bees are important to gardeners, how to invite and keep them in your garden and what to do if you get swarms of bees. He had two handouts.

Saving Bees

Planting for Bees

July 16
Bob MacIver, Virginia Beach Master Gardener, presented "Shade Gardening...Beyond Ferns". His program highlighted the versatility of ferns, how to successfully use them in your gardens and discussed how to use a variety of companion plants with ferns to create a cool, serene and welcoming environment. His beautiful photos took us on a visual journey of not only his gardens but many others offering a variety of ways to use not only ferns and other shade gardens to create a variety of different vignettes, but also how to use statuary and hardscaping to create garden rooms and destinations. He provided a list of companion plants for ferns and a list of resource materials on ferns and shade gardens. The information can be found below.

Fern Companion Plants and Resource List

August 20
Sherry Kern, Virginia Beach Master Gardener and TCC Horticulture Adjunct Professor, presented a program on the best trees, shrubs and perennials for the Hampton Roads area. It's a HUGE topic, so she gave us a number of her favorites in each category. Sherry is one of the eight authors of the book, Best Plants for Hampton Roads: A Landscape and Garden Companion. Her experience with gardening in the area and her vast knowledge of the climate, cultural conditions and unusual microclimates of our locality was evident and well appreciated. Attendees left with a list of plants best suited to perform in the challenging conditions of this unique zone.

September 17
Dan Nortman, Cooperative Extension Agent from York County/Poqouson presented "Bugged by Bugs" a program demystifying all those annoying pests in your garden. He showed photos of the most common types of bugs that bother us in the Southeast Virginia area, talked about how to recognize the damage they do to plants, strategies to avoid them and organic means to control them. His program was very interesting and informative and he answered numerous questions. Dan made pests interesting!!! He admitted to be the local "bug guy" for the Cooperative Extension Service and encouraged people to contact him if they had any questions. You can reach him at 757-890-4940 or

October 15
Joan Kayser, Chesapeake Master Gardener, gave a presentation on dish gardens. Her "Gardens in a Dish" outlined the elements to consider when making a dish garden, how to choose plants and containers and how to maintain the gardens. She showed a variety of photos of different gardens and talked about themes. She discussed the use of sedums in dish gardens and had a couple of examples showing the use of that versatile plant. A couple of others brought some of their gardens to share and discuss. 

November 19
Mary Hammel, Chesapeake Master Gardener, gave an update on the Plant-A-Row for the Hungry produce collection program run each year by the Master Gardeners. This year the program collected over 12,000 lbs. of produce that was given to the Harvest Assembly of God on Kempsville Road to aid local families. Each pound of food donated provides 4 servings. This program is very valuable to the community and grows each year. The program collects produce from June-September at the Extension Trailer on Holt drive in the City Hall Complex, but any additional produce or canned foods wishing to be donated are welcome year round. Contact the extension office at 757-382-6348 to arrange a pick up.

"Growing in SoNo"
Jamie Walski, Rich Wethington and Caroleen Latham from the South Norfolk Community Garden discussed their garden and it successfulness. Jamie presented the evolution of the garden in photos and discussed the steps they followed to establish and maintain the garden. She outlined the planning and organization and talked about the use of community resources, neighborhood volunteers and cooperative efforts. Rich and Caroleen talked about specific aspects of the garden and how they worked to keep the garden flourishing. They presented an informative and interesting program that impressed and inspired the attendees. A handout listed below was given to identify a general process for setting up a community garden based on the South Norfolk group's experience.

Tips for a Community Garden

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